Moyen Poodle Breed Guide

  • October 12th, 2017
  • Dog Ownership
  • Stephanie Flansburg-Cruz

Moyen Poodle Guide


Dog Breed Group: Water Dog, Companion

Height: 15-20 inch range

Weight: 20-3 pounds

Coat colors: Black, blue, silver, gray, cream, apricot, red, white, brown, cafe-au-lait, and particolored

Common health issues: Progressive retinal atrophy, epilepsy, hypothyroidism, cataracts, glaucoma

Moyen means medium in French, and it is the word used to refer to the fourth size of Poodles, the Moyen Poodles. This popular dog breed is also known as Klein Poodle or just Klein in other European countries. The name Klein comes from the German word “Klein” which means small or mini. Contrary to what many people believe, Moyen Poodles are not the result of a cross between a Miniature and Standard Poodle. Instead, they are a widely recognized independent size of the Poodle breed.

Moyen Poodles are 15 to 20 inches tall. Their size makes them ideal companion dogs and quite common in the United States and other countries.

Moyen Poodle Breed History

More than one country claims to be the place of origin of the Poodle breed. The American Kennel Club (AKC) states that Poodles originated in Germany. However, many other sources that give this credit to the French. The Poodle breed was initially a water retrieving dog, known as “Pudelhund” in Germany —a name derived from the words “Pudel” and “Hund,” meaning “to splash” and dog, respectively.

The Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) states that Poodles originated from a cross between the French Barbet dog and the Hungarian water dog. Later, the breed was standardized in France, where it functioned as a water retriever. Nowadays, in France, Poodles are referred to as “Caniches,” a name that comes from the name of the female duck which Poodles hunted.

Poodles are known as France’s national breed thanks to their popularity in this country. Poodles of all sizes have been noble companions to the societal elite. Poodles were the favorite dog breed of several French aristocrats, including  Louis XVI who had a pampered toy Poodle. Numerous paintings of the Spanish artist Francisco Goya, show that Caniches were also a common pet on the late 18th century in Spain.

In 188, Poodles were officially recognized as a dog breed by the American Kennel Club (AKC). Poodles genes have contributed to many other dog breeds, including the Miniature and Standard Schnauzers and Bichon. Throughout the history, Poodles have been used as guide dogs, guard dogs, military service dogs, and circus performers.

Moyen Poodle Appearance

Moyen Poodles weight 20 to 30 pounds (9 to 13 kg) on average. They are 15 to 20 inches tall. The main difference between a Moyen Poodle and a standard or miniature Poodle is their size; otherwise, they are all similar in appearance. Poodles may have a curly or corded hair coat. The curly hair coat has a naturally harsh texture with an even density, while the corded hair version is characterized by hanging even cords of varying length.

The coat of Moyen Poodles can be black, blue, silver, gray, cream, apricot, red, white, brown, cafe-au-lait, and parti-colored.

Personality and Training

Moyen Poodles are known for their sweet and loving temperament. They are intelligent, loyal, and mischievous dogs. Their intelligence makes them easy to train dogs.

These affectionate dogs, love to be part of family activities. They are playful, active, alert. Poodles are often said to have a human-like personality and intelligence.

Poodles are known for being protective of their families. They make excellent watchdogs. If a stranger approaches the house of a Moyen Poodle, he/she will quickly warn his/her owners. Moyen Poodles are highly affectionate with their families. However, they need a little time to get to know new people.

Training Moyen Poodles correctly and in a timely fashion will prevent behavioral issues. Poodles need to get a proper amount of exercise to avoid destructive behaviors.


Moyen Poodles have an abundant hair coat, that needs frequent grooming. In addition to regular baths and brushing, grooming Moyen Poodles involves checking their ears teeth, eyes, and claws. The AKC recommends grooming Moyen Poodles every week to keep his/her coat clean, manageable and shining. More importantly, grooming your Moyen Poodle frequently will assure his/her good health.

Most Moyen Poodles need a professional grooming every 4 to 8 weeks depending to prevent their abundant curly hair from tangling. Dog owners who do not have much time to groom their Moyen Poodles may benefit from keeping their dog’s hair coat short as this will make things easier for both the dog and the owner.

Bathing frequency depends on your Moyen Poodle’s lifestyle. Highly active dogs or dogs that spend a significant amount of time outside need more frequent baths.

Moyen Poodles are susceptible to skin allergies and other skin diseases. Therefore you might need to use a medicated shampoo when bathing your dog. Ask your veterinarian about the best shampoo for your dog.

Moyen Poodle Health Issues

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)

The degeneration of dog’s retinas which leads to blindness A gene mutation is responsible for the problem, therefore, this is an inherited disease. There is no practical treatment for PRA. Blind dogs can have full lives if kept indoors and under constant supervision.


This is a neurological disorder that leads repeated seizures. Epilepsy can occur due to genetic abnormalities or unknown reasons. If not treated, the seizures may become more frequent and severe.


A widespread endocrine disease where the body produces an abnormally low amount of thyroid hormones. It can be associated with keratoconjunctivitis sicca—also called “dry eye.”


Clouding of the lens of the eye, that results in blurry vision. Cataracts can be caused by old age, disease, and eye trauma, but they are most commonly inherited.


An ocular condition caused by the increase of the pressure inside the eye. It is a frequent cause of blindness in both humans and animals. This increased pressure causes pain, and it can damage internal structures of the eyes, leading to blindness.


Stephanie Flansburg-Cruz

Dr. Stephanie Flansburg-Cruz practices mixed animal veterinary medicine and she has a special interest in shelter medicine and animal welfare. Stephanie enjoys volunteering at local animal shelters, reading, writing and traveling.

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